& Ayurveda Tridosha
To understand the theory of tridosha, firstly, you need to get acquainted with the concept of Panchamahabhuta .
Panchamahabhuta, or the five great elements – Akasha (space), Vayu (air), Agni (fire), Jala (water), Prithvi (earth), are considered the basis of the universe. To put it simply, just like every element is classified on the periodic table, a rather broad classification of all matter can be done on the basis of the five elements:
What are Ayurvedic doshas?
Tridoshas are the three humors or forces of the body, which bring health when in balance, and produce diseases when out of balance. The three doshas are called Vata, Pitta and Kapha. The doshas ensure that all mahabhutas are held together and exert their functions in synergism for the optimum function of the human body. These are forces or energies that work through the body to maintain homeostasis.
Vata is the force that holds together Akasha and Vayu mahabhuta.
Pitta is the force that holds together Agni and Jala mahabhuta.
Kapha is the force that holds together Prithvi and Jala mahabhuta.
Vata makes sure that your body movements take place without obstructions. This includes absorption, cell ion exchange, nervous system conduction, all types of excretions, breathing and musculoskeletal functions.
Pitta has an equally important role in keeping together two very opposite qualities of fire and water. Like an acid, which are fluids in their existential state, but burn. Pitta governs this principle in the body. It brings about transformation, acts as the heat energy, digests food at gross and cellular levels. It imparts warmth, vision and colour to the body.
Kapha is the cohesive and lubricating force that holds together the opposing elements Jala and Prithvi. Imagine mixing stone and water. Kapha force makes the body stable, the structures well held with muscle, tendons, ligaments and fats. It also forms the protective coverings and fluid shock absorber for joints, brain (CSF) and spinal cord.